Physics of Fluids B

Ion-temperature-gradient-driven transport in a density modification experiment on the tokamak fusion test reactor

View publication


Tokamak Fusion Test Reactor (TFTR) profiles from a supershot density-modification experiment [Zarnstorff et al., Plasma Physics and Controlled Nuclear Fusion Research, 1990, Proceedings of the 12th International Conference, Washington (IAEA, Vienna, 1991), Vol. I, p. 109] are analyzed for their local and ballooning stability to toroidal ηi, modes in order to understand the initially puzzling results showing no increase in χi when a pellet is used to produce an abrupt and large increase in the ηi parameter. The local stability analysis assumes that k∥ = 1/qR and ignores the effects of shear, but makes no assumption on the magnitude of k∥ νti/ω. The ballooning stability analysis determines a self-consistent linear spectrum of k∥'s including the effect of shear and toroidicity, but it expands in k∥ νti/ω ≤ 1, which is a marginal assumption for this experiment. Nevertheless, the two approaches agree well and show that the mixing length estimate of the transport rate does not change appreciably during the density modification and has a value close to or less than the observed χi, in contrast to most previous theories, which predicted χi's that were over an order-of-magnitude too large. However, still to be explained is the observed increase of χi (r) with minor radius by adding the effects of (i) the finite-beta drift wave-magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) mode coupling, (ii) the slablike mode, or (iii) the trapped-electron response. The experimental tracking 0.2 <χe/χi <0.7 suggests that both grad T i and trapped-electron driving mechanisms are operating. © 1992 American Institute of Physics.