Journal of VLSI Signal Processing Systems for Signal, Image, and Video Technology

Image Compression Using KLT, Wavelets and an Adaptive Mixture of Principal Components Model


In this paper, we present preliminary results comparing the nature of the errors introduced by the mixture of principal components (MPC) model with a wavelet transform and the Karhunen Loève transform (KLT) for the lossy compression of brain magnetic resonance (MR) images. MPC, wavelets and KLT were applied to image blocks in a block transform coding scheme. The MPC model partitions the space of image blocks into a set of disjoint classes and computes a separate KLT for each class. In our experiments, though both the wavelet transform and KLT obtained a higher peak signal to noise ratio (PSNR) than MPC, according to radiologists, MPC preserved the texture and boundaries of gray and white matter better than the wavelet transform or KLT.