Publication
Physical Review B
Paper

Fundamental energy gap of gan from photoluminescence excitation spectra

View publication

Abstract

In the absence of samples suitable for transmission measurements, photoluminescence excitation spectra (PLE) have been found useful in the evaluation of detailed information about the lowest direct-absorption edge of GaN. In this work the results of PLE measurements are combined with data on reflection and luminescence in the intrinsic region to determine the positions of A-, B-, and C-exciton ground-state transition energies and the lowest band gap. Neglecting polariton effects, the value of the A-exciton ground-state transition energy is determined as being EAx=3.4751±0.0005 eV at 1.6 K from combined PLE and emission spectra. The corresponding values for B and C exciton transitions are found to be EBx=3.4815±0.001 eV and ECx=3.493±0.005 eV from PLE spectra. The lowest band gap is determined to be EgA=3.503-0.002+0.005 eV at 1.6 K, which fixes the ground-state A-exciton binding energy as EB(A)=28-3+6 meV, in good agreement with the effective-mass value. The temperature dependence of the band gap could also be accurately measured in PLE spectra and can be described by an expression EgA=[3.503+(5.08×10-4T2)(T-996)] eV for T<295 K, with an estimated relative uncertainty of ± 0.002 eV. © 1974 The American Physical Society.

Date

15 Jul 1974

Publication

Physical Review B

Authors

Topics

Share