Japanese Journal of Applied Physics, Part 1: Regular Papers and Short Notes and Review Papers

Fabrication of an integrated silicon-based lens for low-energy miniaturized electron columns

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A new process for the microfabrication of a fully integrated electrostatic lens in silicons, in particular the design of a low-energy miniaturized electron column, is described. It is suitable for batch processing and reduces considerably the difficulties associated with lens assembly. The electrode-spacer-electrode stack comprises an epitaxial p-n-p doped layer structure in silicon, which serves as electrodes and spacers, respectively. Because this technique allows the dimensions of the lens to be reduced, and owing to a new technique to align the electrode bores, the aberration of the lens is expected to be lower than that of lenses fabricated with previously reported techniques.