Physical Review B

Experimental energy-loss function, Im[-1(q,)], for aluminum

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We describe highly accurate (0.2-1%) intensity measurements for the inelastic scattering of 75-keV electrons in 1000 - thick polycrystalline aluminum films in the region of (0.0-3.1) - 1 transferred wave vector and (0-100)-eV energy loss. The work was performed on the Cornell University electron spectrometer-microscope-computer system. These measurements clarify some experimental problems associated with multiple scattering which obscure the single scattering distribution. We present a new method for eliminating the distribution of intensity attributable to multiple scattering involving quasielastic events. This subtraction method is accurate to 0.01% of the single-bulk-plasmon intensity. Next, we extend an earlier correction method to obtain the single scattering energy-loss function Im(-1) from the residue of the first process, which consists of multiple plasmons and quasiparticle transitions. Details of the specific procedures are included. We point out several features in the resultthe bulk-plasmon intensity, dispersion, and width, the quasi-particle continuum, and a simultaneous two-plasmon scattering. The latter is, for the first time, characterized completely as to intensity, dispersion, and energy width. Finally, we present a comparison of the measured bulk-plasmon dispersion with some recent model calculations. © 1983 The American Physical Society.


01 May 1983


Physical Review B