Conference paper

Exemplar-based sparse representation phone identification features

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Exemplar-based techniques, such as k-nearest neighbors (kNNs) and Sparse Representations (SRs), can be used to model a test sample from a few training points in a dictionary set. In past work, we have shown that using a SR approach for phonetic classification allows for a higher accuracy than other classification techniques. These phones are the basic units of speech to be recognized. Motivated by this result, we create a new dictionary which is a function of the phonetic labels of the original dictionary. The SR method now selects relevant samples from this new dictionary to create a new feature representation of the test sample, where the new feature is better linked to the actual units to be recognized. We will refer to these new features as S pif. We present results using these new Spif features in a Hidden Markov Model (HMM) framework for speech recognition. We find that the Spif features allow for a 2.9% relative reduction in Phonetic Error Rate (PER) on the TIMIT phonetic recognition task. Furthermore, we find that the Spif features allow for a 4.8% relative improvement in Word Error Rate (WER) on a large vocabulary 50 hour Broadcast News task. © 2011 IEEE.