Publication
Physical Review B
Paper

Excitation spectrum of planar spin-1/2 Heisenberg xxz chains

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Abstract

We present analytic weak-coupling and numerical finite-chain results for the dynamic form factor associated with the out-of-plane fluctuations at zero temperature and zero field. The dynamic form factor associated with the in-plane fluctuations is treated numerically only. In the ferromagnetic regime, the dominant features are traced back to particle-hole pair continua and the associated bound states. With the approach toward the isotropic ferromagnet, the resonance associated with the bound state of the particle-hole pairs gradually exhausts the spectrum, corresponding in this limit to the magnon peak. In the antiferromagnetic regime, the spectrum is dominated by the particle-hole pair continuum. The analytic results for the dynamic form factor associated with the out-of-plane fluctuations reproduce and extend the well-known properties of the continuum model to leading order in the coupling constant. As expected from the relation between the six-vertex model and the xxz chain, these properties include singular behavior of dynamic form factors depending continuously on the coupling constant. © 1982 The American Physical Society.

Date

01 Aug 1982

Publication

Physical Review B

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