Applied Physics Letters

Electronically active defects in the Cu 2ZnSn(Se,S) 4 alloys as revealed by transient photocapacitance spectroscopy

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Transient photocapacitance (TPC) spectra were obtained on a series of Cu 2ZnSn(Se,S) 4 absorber devices with varying Se:S ratios, providing bandgaps (E g) between 1 eV and 1.5 eV. Efficiencies varied between 8.3% and 9.3% for devices with E g ≤ 1.2 eV and were near 6.5% for devices with E g ≥ 1.4 eV. The TPC spectra revealed a band-tail region with Urbach energies at or below 18 meV for the first group, but in the 25-30 meV range for the higher band-gap samples. A deeper defect band centered near 0.8 eV was also observed in most samples. We identified a correlation between the Urbach energies and the voltage deficit in these devices. © 2012 American Institute of Physics.