Publication
Journal of Applied Physics
Paper

Effect of electron concentration on magnetic properties of EuTe - GdTe

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Abstract

The systems EuSe - GdSe and EuS - GdS show a strong increase in the positive value of the paramagnetic Curie temperature (θ) as a function of the Gd3+ concentration. The pure europium chalcogenides in both systems have positive θ values. This paper discusses the effect of the increase of electron concentration on magnetic interactions in EuTe, which is antiferromagnetic in its pure state. We find that θ increases from -10°K for EuTe to a maximum of +28°K for Eu0.8Gd 0.2Te and then decreases monotonically with increasing Gd content to θ=-90°K for GdTe. The variation of θ is interpreted as a result of a Ruderman-Kittel-Yosida type interaction via the conduction electron donated by Gd3+. In contrast to the selenide and sulfide systems, no true ferromagnetic order occurs in EuTe-GdTe at 4.2°K for any composition. As an example, the magnetization of Eu0.8Gd0.2Te (θ=+28°K) saturates at 4.2°K for magnetic fields only above 45 000 Oe, which may be due to either spin canting or a more complex magnetic structure involving ferromagnetic clusters. © 1966 The American Institute of Physics.

Date

17 Jun 2004

Publication

Journal of Applied Physics

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