CHOPPER: Optimizing data partitioning for in-memory data analytics frameworks
The performance of in-memory based data analytic frameworks such as Spark is significantly affected by how data is partitioned. This is because the partitioning effectively determines task granularity and parallelism. Moreover, different phases of a workload execution can have different optimal partitions. However, in the current implementations, the tuning knobs controlling the partitioning are either configured statically or involve a cumbersome programmatic process for affecting changes at runtime. In this paper, we propose CHOPPER, a system for automatically determining the optimal number of partitions for each phase of a workload and dynamically changing the partition scheme during workload execution. CHOPPER monitors the task execution and DAG scheduling information to determine the optimal level of parallelism. CHOPPER repartitions data as needed to ensure efficient task granularity, avoids data skew, and reduces shuffle traffic. Thus, CHOPPER allows users to write applications without having to hand-tune for optimal parallelism. Experimental results show that CHOPPER effectively improves workload performance by up to 35.2% compared to standard Spark setup.