IEEE Photonics Journal

Breakthroughs in photonics 2014: Time-scale-dependent nonlinear dynamics in InAs/InP quantum dot gain media: From high-speed modulation to coherent light-matter interactions

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The dynamical properties of InP-based quantum dot (QD) gain media are surveyed and analyzed for three time scales ranging from tens of picoseconds to less than 200 fs, where quantum coherent phenomena are observable. Each of these time scales determines the important properties of QD devices, i.e., modulation capabilities, nonlinear gain, and coherent light-matter interactions. Experimental investigations and modeling results are described, highlighting the state of the art in QD devices for the important 1550-nm telecom wavelength range.