Publication
Biotechnology and Bioengineering
Paper

A silicone polymer as a Steroid Reservoir for enzyme‐catalyzed Steroid reactions

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Abstract

Since steroids are only slightly soluble in the aqueous solutions in which enzymatic reactions take place, it is difficult to obtain high effective concentrations per unit reactor volume when enzymes are used to catalyze steroid reactions. In order to obtain high effective concentrations in the present work, we have used small particles of a hydrophobic polymer, poly (dimethyl siloxane), as a reservoir for the steroid substrate and product. The activity of a bacterial hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase in a buffer solution declines much more slowly in the presence of those polymer particles than in the presence of a comparable amount of butyl acetate or ethyl acetate, the organic solvents used as steroid reservoirs in previous work with steroid transforming enzymes. When another substrate of the hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase is loaded into the polymer particles and the particles are suspended in an aqueous solution containing the enzyme and its cofactor, more product is formed that when a similar solution is emulsified with butyl acetate. Copyright © 1976 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

Date

18 Feb 2004

Publication

Biotechnology and Bioengineering

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