Physical Review B

2/emph> resonance features in the electronic spectra of chemisorbed CO

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The electronic spectra of CO chemisorbed on transition metals and copper as obtained with photoelectron spectroscopies, surface Penning spectroscopy, inverse photoemission spectroscopy, and x-ray absorption spectroscopy are discussed in regard to inherent features pointing to the existence of a CO 2*derived resonance in these adsorption systems. Since the various spectroscopies probe the CO-metal systems predominantly in the excited final state, the spectra of one and the same line, however, are also affected by differences in the dynamic relaxation processes and nonequilibrium final-state charge configurations which are specific to each particular experimental method. In order to arrive at a unified interpretation of some seemingly controversial features in the electronic spectra of chemisorbed CO, we have invoked the notion of the CO 2*derived resonance. Our model includes both initial-state chemical (i.e., backdonation-induced bonding) effects and final-state dynamical screening (relaxation) effects. Assuming a very small fractional occupation of the CO 2* resonance in the case of weak chemisorption systems (e.g., CO/Cu), and notably larger occupation in the case of strong chemisorption (e.g., CO/Ni), it is possible to give a unified interpretation of the experimental features such as the threshold energies, level shifts, line shapes, etc., observed with CO adsorbed on transition metals and copper. The great success of the concept of a resonance in interpreting these experimental spectral features as obtained with the various spectro- scopies, provides, in turn, strong support for the actual existence of a CO 2* derived resonance in these adsorption systems. © 1988 The American Physical Society.


15 May 1988


Physical Review B