Conference paper

Using adaptive read voltage thresholds to enhance the reliability of MLC NAND flash memory systems

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NAND Flash memory is not only the ubiquitous storage medium in consumer applications, but has also started to appear in enterprise storage systems as well. MLC and TLC Flash technology made it possible to store multiple bits in the same silicon area as SLC, thus reducing the cost per amount of data stored. However, at current sub-20nm technology nodes, MLC Flash devices fail to provide the levels of raw reliability, mainly cycling endurance, that are required by typical enterprise applications. Advanced signal-processing and coding schemes are needed to improve the Flash bit error rate and thus elevate the device reliability to the desired level. In this paper, we report on the use of adaptive voltage thresholds in the read operation of NAND Flash devices. We discuss how the optimal read voltage thresholds can be determined, and assess the benefit of adapting the read voltage thresholds in terms of cycling endurance, data retention and resilience to read disturb. © 2014 ACM.