IEEE Journal of Solid-State Circuits

A 6.4-Gb/s CMOS SerDes core with feed-forward and decision-feedback equalization

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A 4.9-6.4-Gb/s two-level SerDes ASIC I/O core employing a four-tap feed-forward equalizer (FFE) in the transmitter and a five-tap decision-feedback equalizer (DFE) in the receiver has been designed in 0.13-μm CMOS. The transmitter features a total jitter (TJ) of 35 ps p-p at 10 -12 bit error rate (BER) and can output up to 1200 mVppd into a 100-Ω differential load. Low jitter is achieved through the use of an LC-tank-based VCO/PLL system that achieves a typical random jitter of 0.6 ps over a phase noise integration range from 6 MHz to 3.2 GHz. The receiver features a variable-gain amplifier (VGA) with gain ranging from -6 to + 10 dB in ∼1 dB steps, an analog peaking amplifier, and a continuously adapted DFE-based data slicer that uses a hybrid speculative/dynamic feedback architecture optimized for high-speed operation. The receiver system is designed to operate with a signal level ranging from 50 to 1200 mVppd. Error-free operation of the system has been demonstrated on lossy transmission line channels with over 32-dB loss at the Nyquist (1/2 Bd rate) frequency. The Tx/Rx pair with amortized PLL power consumes 290 m W of power from a 1.2-V supply while driving 600 mVppd and uses a die area of 0.79 mm 2. © 2005 IEEE.