Physical Review Letters

Universal quantum gate set approaching fault-tolerant thresholds with superconducting qubits

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We use quantum process tomography to characterize a full universal set of all-microwave gates on two superconducting single-frequency single-junction transmon qubits. All extracted gate fidelities, including those for Clifford group generators, single-qubit π/4 and π/8 rotations, and a two-qubit controlled-not, exceed 95% (98%), without (with) subtracting state preparation and measurement errors. Furthermore, we introduce a process map representation in the Pauli basis which is visually efficient and informative. This high-fidelity gate set serves as a critical building block towards scalable architectures of superconducting qubits for error correction schemes and pushes up on the known limits of quantum gate characterization. © 2012 American Physical Society.