NeurIPS 2023
Workshop paper

Sequential data-consistent model inversion


Data-consistent model inversion problems aim to infer distributions of model parameters from distributions of experimental observations. Previous approaches to solving these problems include rejection algorithms, which are impractical for many real-world problems, and generative adversarial networks, which require a differentiable simulation. Here, we introduce a sequential sample refinement algorithm that overcomes these drawbacks. A set of parameters is iteratively refined using density ratio estimates in the model input and output domains, and parameters are resampled by training a generative implicit density estimator. We implement this novel approach using a combination of standard models from artificial intelligence and machine learning, including density estimators, binary classifiers, and diffusion models. To demonstrate the method, we show two examples from computational biology, with different levels of complexity.