Publication
Applied Physics Letters
Paper

Noise reduction technique for scanning tunneling microscopy

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Abstract

Noise stemming from mechanical vibration, electronic noise, or low frequency (1/f power spectrum) inherent in the tunneling process, often limits the resolution, speed, or range of application of scanning tunneling microscopy (STM). We demonstrate a technique for minimizing the effect of these noise sources on the STM image. In our method, the tunneling tip is vibrated parallel to the sample surface at a frequency f0, above that of the feedback response frequency. Two signals are obtained simultaneously: the conventional topography, and a differential image corresponding to the amplitude of current modulation at f0. The resultant ac signal can be simply related to the normal STM topographic image, with significant improvement in the signal-to-noise ratio.

Date

01 Jan 1988

Publication

Applied Physics Letters

Authors

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