ISSCC 2015
Conference paper

4.1 22nm Next-generation IBM System z microprocessor

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The next-generation System z design introduces a new microprocessor chip (CP) and a system controller chip (SC) aimed at providing a substantial boost to maximum system capacity and performance compared to the previous zEC12 design in 32nm [1,2]. As shown in the die photo, the CP chip includes 8 high-frequency processor cores, 64MB of eDRAM L3 cache, interface IOs ('XBUS') to connect to two other processor chips and the L4 cache chip, along with memory interfaces, 2 PCIe Gen3 interfaces, and an I/O bus controller (GX). The design is implemented on a 678 mm2 die with 4.0 billion transistors and 17 levels of metal interconnect in IBM's high-performance 22nm high-x CMOS SOI technology [3]. The SC chip is also a 678 mm2 die, with 7.1 billion transistors, running at half the clock frequency of the CP chip, in the same 22nm technology, but with 15 levels of metal. It provides 480 MB of eDRAM L4 cache, an increase of more than 2× from zEC12 [1,2], and contains an 18 MB eDRAM L4 directory, along with multi-processor cache control/coherency logic to manage inter-processor and system-level communications. Both the CP and SC chips incorporate significant logical, physical, and electrical design innovations.