IEEE Communications Magazine

W-band scalable phased arrays for imaging and communications

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This article discusses the benefits and challenges associated with the design of multi-function scalable phased arrays at millimeter wave frequencies. First, applications for phased arrays with tens to hundreds of elements are discussed. Existing solutions for scaling silicon-based phased arrays from microwave to terahertz frequencies are reviewed. The challenges and tradeoffs associated with multiple integration options for W-band phased arrays are analyzed, with special consideration given to packaging and antenna performance. Finally, a solution based on SiGe ICs and organic packages for a 64-element dual-polarized 94 GHz phased array is described, along with associated measurement results.