Applied Physics Express

Vertical light-emitting diode fabrication by controlled spalling

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A fracture-based layer transfer technique referred to as controlled spalling was used to separate a conventional InGaN/GaN multiple quantum well light-emitting diode (LED) structure from a 50mm sapphire wafer enabling the formation of vertical spalled LEDs (SLEDs). A 25-μm-thick tensile Ni layer was electrodeposited on the surface of the wafer, followed by the application of a polyimide tape layer. By mechanically guiding the tape layer, a 3-μm-thick layer of the LED epitaxy was removed. Transmission electron microscopy imaging indicated that spalling preserved the quality of the epitaxial layers, and electroluminescence verifies the operation of the SLED. © 2013 The Japan Society of Applied Physics.