Physical Review B

Tunneling and infrared measurements of the energy gap in the high-critical-temperature superconductor Y-Ba-Cu-O

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We have measured the superconducting energy gap of high-critical- temperature (Tc90 K) YBa2Cu3O9-y samples using tunneling and infrared techniques. From our tunneling data, we place limits on the reduced superconducting energy gap of 3.7<2/kBTc<5.6. The tunneling gaps for a single-crystal sample are essentially the same if the tunneling tip is oriented either parallel or perpendicular to the CuO planes. The infrared measurements give a smaller apparent gap. We discuss the origins of the differences between the infrared and tunneling results. © 1987 The American Physical Society.