Physical Review B - CMMP

Spin-torque switching efficiency in CoFeB-MgO based tunnel junctions

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It is convenient to define the spin-torque switching efficiency in nanostructured magnetic tunnel junctions as the ratio between the free-layers thermal activation barrier height Eb and the threshold switching current Ic0. Recent device exploration has led to occasional observations of spin-torque induced magnetic switching efficiency in magnetic tunnel junctions that exceeds the macrospin limit by a factor of 2-10. In this paper we examine the possible origins for such enhancement, and materials properties that may allow the full realization of such enhancements. © 2013 American Physical Society.