Advanced Materials

Optimization of Projected Phase Change Memory for Analog In-Memory Computing Inference

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Phase change memory (PCM) is one of the most promising candidates for non-von Neumann based analog in-memory computing–particularly for inference of previously-trained deep neural networks (DNN). It is shown that PCM electrical properties can be tuned systematically using a projection liner, which is designed for resistance drift mitigation, in the manufacturable mushroom PCM. A systematic study of the electrical properties-including resistance values, memory window, resistance drift, read noise, and their impact on the accuracy of large neural networks of various types and with tens of millions of weights is performed. It is sown that the DNN accuracy can be improved by the PCM with liner for both the short term and long term after programming, due to reduced resistance drift and read noise, respectively, despite the trade-off of reduced memory window. The liner conductance, PCM device characteristics, and network inference accuracy with PCM memory window and reset state conductance is correlated, which allows us to identify the device optimization space to achieve better short term and long term accuracy for large neural networks.