Publication
Journal of Applied Physics
Paper

Nonlinear optical properties of potassium-lithium niobates

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Abstract

Crystals of composition (K2O)0.3(Li 2O)0.7-x (Nb2O5)x with x in the range 0.515 to 0.55 have useful and unique nonlinear optical properties. These are transparent ferroelectric crystals having the tetragonal tungsten-bronze structure. Thus, they do not have to be detwinned, as does NaBa2Nb5O15. The dc halfwave voltage is about 1350 V at 6328 A, and the nonlinear constant d31 is 1.7d31 (LiNbO3). For x=0.515 the birefringence is very large. Thus, the phase-matching temperatures for harmonic generation without double refraction with the Nd-YAG laser is 450°C. For x=0.55, 140°C is obtained. With these crystals the GaAs injection laser emitting 0.90 μ can be phase matched above room temperature for the first time without double refraction. © 1971 The American Institute of Physics.

Date

15 Dec 2003

Publication

Journal of Applied Physics

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