ICASSP, IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech and Signal Processing - Proceedings

Noisy audio feature enhancement using audio-visual speech data

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We investigate improving automatic speech recognition (ASR) in noisy conditions by enhancing noisy audio features using visual speech captured from the speaker's face. The enhancement is achieved by applying a linear filter to the concatenated vector of noisy audio and visual features, obtained by mean square error estimation of the clean audio features in a training stage. The performance of the enhanced audio features is evaluated on two ASR tasks: A connected digits task and speaker-independent, large-vocabulary, continuous speech recognition. In both cases and at sufficiently low signal-to-noise ratios (SNRs), ASR trained on the enhanced audio features significantly outperforms ASR trained on the noisy audio, achieving for example a 46% relative reduction in word error rate on the digits task at -3.5 dB SNR. However, the method fails to capture the full visual modality benefit to ASR, as demonstrated by its comparison to discriminant audio-visual feature fusion introduced in previous work.