Advances in Quantum Communications, Computing, Cryptography, and Sensing

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Seven decades after the foundation of classical information theory and the invention of the transistor that launched the digital communication and computing revolutions, we are entering a new era of quantum information science and engineering (QISE). Despite holding its impressive sway for nearly 60 years, the celebrated Moore’s law is beginning to hit physical limits, as the ever-shrinking transistor size is making it necessary to account for quantum effects. Concurrently, the growing demand for high-rate processing is imposing unsustainable power and heat dissipation requirements. Thus, there is an urgent need to develop quantum information processing systems that can circumvent the limitations of existing technology.