Journal of Vacuum Science and Technology B: Microelectronics and Nanometer Structures

Energy distributions of field emitted electrons from carbide tips and-tuncisten tips with dismondlike carbon coatinas


We have measured the energy distributions of electrons field emitted from tungsten carbide, HfC〈100〉, and ZrC〈100〉 tips, and tungsten field emitters with diamondlike carbon coatings. Multiple-peaked energy distributions were observed from instability induced emission sites on the carbide tips. Energy distributions of electrons field emitted from the diamondlike carbon coated tungsten tips were broader than those from metal tips. They also showed a shift towards lower energies with increases in the emission current. © 1996 American Vacuum Society.