End-bonded contacts for carbon nanotube transistors with low, size-independent resistance

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Moving beyond the limits of silicon transistors requires both a high-performance channel and high-quality electrical contacts. Carbon nanotubes provide high-performance channels below 10 nanometers, but as with silicon, the increase in contact resistance with decreasing size becomes a major performance roadblock.We report a single-walled carbon nanotube (SWNT) transistor technology with an end-bonded contact scheme that leads to sizeindependent contact resistance to overcome the scaling limits of conventional side-bonded or planar contact schemes. A high-performance SWNT transistor was fabricated with a sub-10-nanometer contact length, showing a device resistance below 36 kilohms and oncurrent above 15 microampere per tube. The p-type end-bonded contact, formed through the reaction of molybdenum with the SWNT to form carbide, also exhibited no Schottky barrier.This strategy promises high-performance SWNT transistors, enabling future ultimately scaled device technologies.