Applied Surface Science

Diffusion of elements implanted in amorphous titanium disilicide

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The usual Si dopants, B, P, As, and Sb, plus Ge were implanted into thick (400 nm) TiSi2 layers deposited in an amorphous state by sputtering from a compound target. Samples with the various implants were annealed at temperatures from 300 to 700°C and analyzed both by transmission electron microscopy and secondary ion spectroscopy. The annealed samples display a very large grain size, which complicates the interpretation of the concentration profiles obtained by SIMS. In the case of a high dose of B (1 × 1016 atoms/cm2 at least), there is an indication of grain boundary transport occurring mostly in the initial stage of the heat treatments, followed by phenomena dominated by a reduced solubility in the terminal large-grained matrix. With all elements, except Sb, evidence of diffusion is obtained at 400°C. Germanium diffusion is even observed at 300°C. © 1993.