Physik der Kondensierten Materie

Das Fluktuationsspektrum von Elektronen in einem stationären Nichtgleichgewichtszustand

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The Boltzmann equation is used to calculate the time correlation function and the fluctuation spectrum for electrons obeying classical statistics. The stationary joint distribution for one electron to be initially in k0=k(0) and finally in k=k(t) is given by the product of the conditional probability and the stationary distribution. These quantities can be found from the Boltzmann equation if there exists, for any initial distribution, a unique solution which satisfies the Markov equation and tends to a stationary solution for large times under stationary conditions. It is proved that these conditions hold for linear collision operators and in the relaxation approximation. General operator expressions for the fluctuation spectrum and the differential conductivity in a stationary electric field are given, which can be evaluated within the usual approximation schemes known for the stationary, nonequilibrium solutions of the Boltzmann equation. In equilibrium they reproduce the classical fluctuation dissipation theorem. In a nonequilibrium state they define a noise temperature depending on the field. In the relaxation approximation and for polynomial band structure the exact solution can be found. For parabolic and biparabolic spherical bands the result is discussed explicitly. © 1968 Springer-Verlag.


01 Nov 1968


Physik der Kondensierten Materie