Black-box Optimization for Piecewise Constant Functions
We propose the StepDIRECT algorithm for derivative-free optimization (DFO), in which the black-box objective function has a stepwise landscape. Our framework is based on the well-known DIRECT algorithm. By incorporating the local variability to explore the flatness, we provide a new criterion to select the potentially optimal hyper-rectangles. In addition, we introduce a stochastic local search algorithm performing on potentially optimal hyper-rectangles to improve the solution quality and convergence speed. Global convergence of the StepDIRECT algorithm is provided. Numerical experiments on optimization for random forest models and hyper-parameter tuning are presented to support the efficacy of our algorithm.