Publication
Nano Letters
Paper

Ultrascaled Germanium Nanowires for Highly Sensitive Photodetection at the Quantum Ballistic Limit

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Abstract

We report an experimental study on quasi-one-dimensional Al-Ge-Al nanowire (NW) heterostructures featuring unmatched photoconductive gains exceeding 107 and responsivities as high as 10 A/μW in the visible wavelength regime. Our observations are attributed to the presence of GeOx related hole-trapping states at the NW surface and can be described by a photogating effect in accordance with previous studies on low-dimensional nanostructures. Utilizing an ultrascaled photodetector device operating in the quantum ballistic transport regime at room temperature we demonstrate for the first time that individual current channels can be addressed directly by laser irradiation. The resulting quantization of the photocurrent represents the ultimate limit of photodetectors, allowing for advanced concepts including highly resolved imaging, light effect transistors and single photon detectors with practically zero off-state current.

Date

11 Jul 2018

Publication

Nano Letters

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