Publication
Journal of Applied Physics
Paper

Transient and steady-state behavior of space charges in multilayer organic light-emitting diodes

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Abstract

A numerical study of space charge effects in multilayer organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs) is presented. The method of solving the coupled Poisson and continuity equations, previously established for single-layer polymer LEDs, has been extended to treat internal organic interfaces. In addition, we consider the transient current and electroluminescence response. We discuss the accumulation of charges at internal interfaces and their signature in the transient response as well as the electric field distribution. Comparison to experimental transient data of a typical bilayer LED based on tris(8-hydroxyquinolinato)aluminum (Alq3) is provided and good agreement is found. Our results are consistent with commonly assumed operating principles of bilayer LEDs. In particular, the assumptions that the electric field is predominantly dropped across the Alq3 layer and that the electroluminescence delay time is determined by electrons passing through Alq3 to the internal interface are self-consistently supported by the results of the simulation. Moreover, the creation of emissive singlet excitons is found to be strongly confined to the Alq3 side of the internal interface and the emission zone width is dictated by the exciton diffusion length. Design principles for trilayer LEDs with improved power efficiency are also discussed. © 2001 American Institute of Physics.

Date

15 Apr 2001

Publication

Journal of Applied Physics

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