Publication
Journal of Applied Physics
Paper

Thermal stability of the (100) Cu-Ni superlattices with reversed magnetic anisotropy

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Abstract

The (100) Cu(100 Å)-Ni(25 Å) superlattice structure, grown on Cu/Si(100), that shows a reversed magnetic anisotropy between the in-plane and normal-to-plane magnetizations, has been heated to 400°C, and the magnetic and structural changes investigated. The periodic structure remains mostly intact up to a 30-min heating at 300°C, and partially so after heating at 400°C. The reversed anisotropy, with a hysteresis loop seen for the field perpendicular to the film plane, but not for that parallel to the film plane, remains seen up to 400°C. This is compared with two (100) Cu/Ni/Cu structures containing 50- and 500-Å Ni, respectively, with two 1000-Å Cu layers each. The former structure, with a completely reversed magnetic anisotropy, lost both the Ni layer and the magnetic characteristics after heating at 200°C. The latter structure retained its magnetic properties up to 300°C, and lost both the Ni layer and the magnetic characteristics after heating at 400°C. The different reactions involved are discussed, including that with Si and mixing between Cu and Ni.

Date

01 Dec 1992

Publication

Journal of Applied Physics

Authors

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