Publication
Proceedings of the IEEE
Paper

The liquid phase epitaxy of alxga1-xasfor monolithic planar structures

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Abstract

The most promising electroluminescent materials used for visible light emitting diodes(LEDs) are G.AsP, GaAIAs, GaP, and GaAs with phosphors. Presently, GaAsP, which is prepared by vapor phase epitaxy, is the only material which has found widespread commercial use. In this work an effort was made to explore the feasibility of fabricating planar monolithic GaAIAs LED arrays prepared by the liquid phase epitaxial (LPE) process. In order to accomplish this objective the LPE process was developed so that epitaxial layers of uniform thickness and essentially constant composition with smooth photoprocessable surfaces could be reproducibly grown at a reasonable cost. Through the use of special fixturing and proper adjustment of thermal gradients during the LPE growth, epitaxial layers of suitable quality were produced which were used to fabricate planar monolithic structures. A description will be given the preparation and processing of these structures. The electrical properties of the GaAIAs epitaxial layers and the electrical and optical characteristics of the planar monolithic structures fabricated will be discussed. The LPE process which has evolved in the growth of GaAlAs layers also has applicability for the LPE growth of GaP or amphoteric doped GaAs both of which have produced high efficiency LEDs far bythe LPE process only. Copyright © 1971 by The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc.

Date

01 Jan 1971

Publication

Proceedings of the IEEE

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