Journal of Applied Physics

The effect of electric field on the excitonic states in coupled quantum well structures

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We have calculated by a variational procedure the excitonic states in symmetric coupled quantum well structures of GaAs/AlGaAs in the presence of an external electric field perpendicular to the interfacial plane using a nonseparable, nonspherical hydrogenic trial wavefunction. The exciton binding energies have been calculated as a function of external electric field for various well and barrier widths. The nonspherical trial wavefunction leads to a better estimate of the exciton binding energy, especially in high electric field, than that calculated with a spherical one. The calculations show that the binding energy is strongly dependent on the external electric fields: the variation (increase or decrease) is related to the spatial distribution of the wavefunctions. The results of the calculation are consistent with our experimental results.