Publication
Applied Physics Letters
Paper

Tantalum as a diffusion barrier between copper and silicon

View publication

Abstract

We have investigated the effectiveness and failure mechanism of thin tantalum layers as diffusion barriers to copper. 50 nm tantalum films were sputtered onto unpatterned single-crystal 〈100〉 Si wafers and overlaid with 100 nm Cu. Material reactions in these films were followed as a function of annealing temperature by in situ resistance measurements, and characterized by Rutherford backscattering spectroscopy and cross-section transmission electron microscopy. While pure Cu on Si reacts at 200°C, the Ta film prevents Cu silicon interaction up to 600°C. At higher temperatures, reaction of the Si substrate with Ta forms a planar layer of hexagonal TaSi 2. Cu rapidly penetrates to the Si substrate, forming η]-Cu 3Si precipitates at the Ta-Si2-Si interface.

Date

01 Dec 1990

Publication

Applied Physics Letters

Authors

Share