The two-body Hartree-Fock potential for water-water interaction has been partially corrected by addition of the water-water dispersion interaction recently computed by the Quantum Chemistry Group at the University of Warsaw (Professor W. Kołos) using a perturbation technique. The new potential has been used in a Monte Carlo simulation of liquid water, where 343 water molecules per unit cell have been considered. The main part of the simulation has been performed at T=25°C; however, some work is presented for T=4°C and for T=75°C. The computed pair correlation functions gO-O, gO-H, and gH-H are in good agreement with the experimental data; agreement is found not only for the main peak of gO-O at ∼2.9 Å, but also for the second peak at ∼4.5 Å and the third peak at ∼7.0 Å. To further verify the agreement between simulated result and experimental data, we have computed the neutron scattering and the x-ray scattering intensities at different scattering angles. Again the agreement between simulation and experiment is good, thus providing a strong indication that the potential obtained on a quantum-mechanical basis is a realistic one. Copyright © 1975 American Institute of Physics.