Publication
The Journal of Chemical Physics
Paper

Study of the structure of molecular complexes. III. Energy surface of a water molecule in the field of a fluorine or chlorine anion

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Abstract

The interaction between F or the Cl~ anion and water has been computed in the Hartree-Fock approximation with a large basis set of Gaussian functions: The obtained energies and wavefunctions are therefore close to the Hartree-Fock limit. We find that the geometrical configuration of maximal stability corresponds to a hydrogen-bonded configuration between the water and the anion; however, the hydrogen bond is somewhat bent with a deviation from linearity of about 4.5° for F~-H20 and "about 14.6° for Cl --H2O. At the most stable configuration the oxygen-anion distance is 4.75 a.u. for F~ and 6.26 a.u. for Cl-. At the equilibrium configuration the Hartree-Fock binding energy is 23.54 and 11.86 kcal/mole for the F -H2O and the C1~-H2O complex, respectively. The energy surfaces are analyzed in terms of an energy partitioning consisting of the energy of the water molecule in the field of the anion, the anion in the field of the molecule of water, and of the interaction energy between the water molecule and the anion.*Permanent address: Institute fuer Angewandte Physik der Universität Heidelberg, 69 Heidelberg, Albert Ueberle-Stuasse 3-5. Feberal Republic of Germany.

Date

22 Aug 2003

Publication

The Journal of Chemical Physics

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