Publication
Physical Review Letters
Paper

Strings in two-dimensional classical XY models

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Abstract

We study a class of simple, translationally invariant, two-dimensional, nearest-neighbor, isotropic XY models which possess, in addition to the familiar integer vortices, half-integer vortex and string excitations. The half-integer vortices interact through both the logarithmic Coulomb potential and a linear potential mediated by the strings. The phase diagram of these models consists of three phases separated by lines of conventional Kosterlitz-Thouless transitions and lines of Ising transitions driven by the vanishing of the tension in the strings. © 1985 The American Physical Society.

Date

29 Jul 1985

Publication

Physical Review Letters

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