Journal of Modern Optics

Reduction of quantum entropy by reversible extraction of classical information

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We inquire under what conditions some of the information in a quantum signal source, namely a set of pure states Ψa emitted with probabilities pa, can be extracted in classical form by a measurement leaving the quantum system with less entropy than it had before, but retaining the ability to regenerate the source state exactly from the classical measurement result and the after-measurement state of the quantum system. We show that this can be done if and only if the source states Ψa fall into two or more mutually orthogonal subsets. © 1994, Taylor & Francis Ltd.