The postfreeze survival of human renal epithelial carcinoma cells frozen in suspensions based on (MEM + FCS) (Eagle's Minimum Essential Medium with Hanks' salts added and supplemented with 20 vol% heat-inactivated fetal calf serum) to which additions of NaCl and the cryoprotective compounds, dimethyl sulfoxide and glycerol, were made, have been determined by a vital dye exclusion technique. A significant range of aqueous-rich quaternary solutions were found to be highly effective cryoprotective agents for these cells under optimum freezing and thawing conditions. High survival occurs in a composition series emanating from the region of high postfreeze cell viability in the ternary (MEM + FCS)-NaCl-DMSO system, between 80 and 95% (MEM + FCS), along isopleths that substitute glycerol for NaCl in various proportions. In addition, viability remains sufficiently high as a few percentage of glycerol is substituted for DMSO alone. © 1980, All rights reserved.