Zeitschrift für Physik B Condensed Matter

Phase diagram and phase transitions of Krypton on graphite in the extended monolayer regime

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We report high resolution x-ray diffraction studies of the structures and phase transitions of monolayer krypton, adsorbed on both powder and single crystal graphite substrates. A comprehensive series of powder diffraction profiles is used to construct the two dimensional phase diagram. The melting of the {Mathematical expression} commensurate solid is shown to be strongly first order throughout the region where tricritical behavior was previously thought to occur; fluid solid coexistence extends up to the termination of the commensurate phase at 130 K. A disordered weakly incommensurate phase is shown to be a reentrant fluid, a system which may be described as a disordered network of domain walls and which evolves continuously into a more conventional 2D fluid. This evolution is marked by the disappearance of satellite peaks which are caused by the modulation of the overlayer by the substrate. The freezing of the reentrant fluid into the commensurate phase is shown to be consistent with a chiral Potts transition, its freezing into the incommensurate solid consistent with a dislocation binding transition. Single crystal experiments reveal the orientation of the weakly incommensurate phase. The reentrant fluid is found to have no visible orientational fluctuations, manifesting isotropic diffraction peaks. This is attributed to the strong epitaxy of domain walls. The incommensurate solid is shown to undergo an aligned-rotated transition which is well described by zerotemperature calculations. © 1987 Springer-Verlag.