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Journal of the ACM
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On the Independence of Real-Time Definability and Certain Structural Properties of Context-Free Languages

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Abstract

An operator precedence language which is not real-time definable by any multitple Turing machine is constructed. This strengthens previous results about the existence of unambiguous context-free languages (CFL's) which are not real-time definable. In contrast, a family of CFL's of increasing degree of inherent ambiguity, each real-time definable by a one-tape Turing machine, is exhibited. In fact, an unboundedly ambiguous CFL, also real-time definable by a one-tape Turing machine, is presented. These results are the basis for the assertion that real-time definability of a CFL is independent from each of the structural properties considered. © 1968, ACM. All rights reserved.

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01 Oct 1968

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Journal of the ACM

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