Generalized semi-Markov processes and stochastic Petri nets have been proposed as general frameworks for a discrete event simulation on a countable state space. The two formal systems differ, however, with respect to the clock setting (event scheduling) mechanism, the state transition mechanism, and the form of the state space. We obtain conditions under which the marking process of a stochastic Petri net “mimics” a generalized semi-Markov process in the sense that the two processes (and their underlying general state-space Markov chains) have the same finite dimensional distributions. The results imply that stochastic Petri nets have at least the modeling power of generalized semi-Markov processes for discrete event simulation. © 1988, Cambridge University Press. All rights reserved.