Publication
MICRO 2018
Conference paper

Magic-state functional units: Mapping and scheduling multi-level distillation circuits for fault-Tolerant quantum architectures

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Abstract

Quantum computers have recently made great strides and are on a long-Term path towards useful fault-Tolerant computation. A dominant overhead in fault-Tolerant quantum computation is the production of high-fidelity encoded qubits, called magic states, which enable reliable error-corrected computation. We present the first detailed designs of hardware functional units that implement space-Time optimized magic-state factories for surface code error-corrected machines. Interactions among distant qubits require surface code braids (physical pathways on chip) which must be routed. Magic-state factories are circuits comprised of a complex set of braids that is more difficult to route than quantum circuits considered in previous work [1]. This paper explores the impact of scheduling techniques, such as gate reordering and qubit renaming, and we propose two novel mapping techniques: braid repulsion and dipole moment braid rotation. We combine these techniques with graph partitioning and community detection algorithms, and further introduce a stitching algorithm for mapping subgraphs onto a physical machine. Our results show a factor of 5.64 reduction in space-Time volume compared to the best-known previous designs for magic-state factories.

Date

12 Dec 2018

Publication

MICRO 2018

Authors

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