Applied Physics Letters

Low-temperature formation of epitaxial Tl2Ca2Ba 2Cu3O10 thin films in reduced O2 pressure

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Epitaxial Tl2Ca2Ba2Cu3O 10 films on (100) LaAlO3 are prepared by post-annealing 2Tl:2Ca:2Ba:3Cu precursor films at 830-860°C in ≅0.03-0.15 atm of O2. These films (0.2-1.1 μm thickness) are smooth and shiny to the eye, and have a sharp zero resistance and onset diamagnetic transition temperature of 117-121 K. Transport critical current densities of 1.6×106 A/cm2 at 77 K and ≅10 5 A/cm2 at 100 K are obtained for a 0.38-μm-thick film in magnetic fields up to 100 Oe. Strong flux pinning at low temperatures is inferred from the weak-field dependence of the critical current density calculated from magnetic hysteresis loops. At 5 K, the best film has a magnetic critical current density of 9×106 A/cm2 in zero field, decreasing gradually to 1.5×106 A/cm2 in a 5-T field.