Publication
Physical Review
Paper

Internal strain and Raman-active vibrations in solids

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Abstract

In lattices in which not all ions possess inversion symmetry, internal-strain effects give rise to piezoelectricity and contribute to the elastic response. It is possible to describe these internal strains as static optical-phonon-mode displacements and to analyze the internal-strain contributions to the elastic and piezoelectric constants accordingly. Certain symmetry properties become evident as a result, the most general of which is that only Raman-active modes contribute to internal strain, and only modes simultaneously Raman- and infrared-active produce piezoelectricity. This formalism also provides a basis for a discussion of piezoelectric and elastic anomalies which may accompany incipient instabilities in opticalphonon modes. Finally, it is shown that the anomalous elastic behavior of β quartz near the α-β transition temperature can be understood by postulating a low-frequency temperature-dependent Raman-active mode of A1 symmetry. © 1967 The American Physical Society.

Date

15 Nov 1967

Publication

Physical Review

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