Physical Review B

Interaction of elastic strain with the structural transition of strontium titanate

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Second-order displacive transitions of a type often observed in crystals of perovskite structure are analyzed by means of a phenomenological model employing optical soft-mode and elastic-strain coordinates. Relations connecting spontaneous distortion, soft-mode vibrational frequencies, and elastic constants of a tetragonal low-temperature phase are derived. These relations are found to be consistent with existing x-ray, neutron, EPR, Raman, Brillouin, and ultrasonic data for SrTiO3. From these data, it is inferred that properties of SrTiO3 are isotropic to a considerable degree and that, of the small anisotropy which determines the symmetry of the low-temperature phase, interaction with strain contributes a large portion. Under certain assumptions, the soft-mode force constant inferred from the data appears to vary fairly smoothly through the transition temperature. Discontinuities in the specific heat and the temperature-derivative of the restoring-force coefficient amounting to 1.3% in SrTiO3 and about 8% in LaAlO3 are predicted. © 1970 The American Physical Society.


01 May 1970


Physical Review B